Timber has been used for piled foundations for centuries. Responsibly sourced timber piles are installed for many project types – mainly within marine working environments and low loaded structures with a lifespan of up to 30 years. Timber has been long favoured for marine works because of its ability to absorb impacts and its ease of handling over water. Timber is used for groynes and sea defence works as well as jetties, dolphins, fender piling and rubbing strips. The main advantages are potential low cost, Sustainable material, carbon sequestration; Off-cuts can be used for fuel.